Today, Iranian Shia Muslims marked the international day of Hazrat Ali Asghar, Imam Hussain’s six-month-old son who was martyred violently on the day of Ashura in Karbala. Each year in Muharram, women with their infants participate in the great mourning ceremonies to commemorate his martyrdom.
Each year during the first ten days of Muharram, Muslim people worldwide dressed in black, gathering in mourning ceremonies for the martyrdom anniversary of the prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussain. In Iran, the ceremonies are held in mosques, the holy shrines and even in the universities in which students can participate easily. Listening to the speech, mourning for the Imam Hussain, praying for the reappearance of Imam Mahdi are the main parts of a usual mourning ceremony. Nazri food are also usually distributed among mourners at the end of a ceremony.
Muharram 2016: listening to the speech in a mosque at a university of Tehran, Iran
Women participating in the mourning ceremonies Read More…
In the previous post, I made an image about why Imam Hussain (PBUH) rose up as stated in his will, but that was not the only reason for Imam Hussain to revolt.
The holy shrine of Imam Hussain (PBUH) in Karbala, Iraq. A photo taken in Muharram 2016
There are three main causes explained in Martyr Mortaza Motahhari’s book written according to the Islamic quotes for why Imam Hussain rose up against Yazid’s government and why Ashura happened.
1-Imam Hussain rejected to pledge allegiance to the immoral and non-Muslim man such as Yazid who wanted to be a ruler of Muslim community despite the threatens made by Yazid’s government because swearing allegiance to Yazid indicated not only accepting Yazid as a ruler but also accepting the wrong way of succession determination was being established for the first time by Yazid’s father in the Muslim community. The thing that was not permitted in Islam and both Shia and Sunni sects.
2-About 100,000 people of Kufa sent 18,000 letters to Imam Hussain and invited him to come to Iraq and re-establish an Islamic government, although they forgot their invitation and leave Imam Hussain to be alone against the 30,000 people of Yazid’s Army and even they helped the Army! This invitation cause Imam to have no choice other than to accept their request
3- Reforming the Muslim community and promoting virtue and preventing vice was the third and the main reason for Ashura uprising. Imam Hussain had found about his cousin, Moslem (the son of Aghil), martyrdom on the way to Kufa, therefor Imam could have refused the invitation sent by the people of Kufa and come back to Mecca, but he did not stop going to Kufa until Yazid’s Army stop him and his companions in a land called Karbala. Imam Hussain himslef stated this main reason openly in his will to his brother before traveling to Kufa. You can see a part of Imam Hussain will in the following image:
“I did not rise up for the cause of wickedness, amusement, corruption or oppression, but I rose up to reform the Muslim community of my grandfather [Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)]. I want to promote virtue and prevent vice.”
اني لم اخرج اشرا و لا بطرا و لامفسدا و لاظالما انما خرجت لطلب الاصلاح
في امة جدي و اريد ان امر با لمعروف و انهي عن المنكر
Bihar Al-Anvar: V.44, P. 329
-Read more explanation in this book (The Truth Hussain’s (A.S) Revolt) which I found on the internet and It is an English translation and abstract of the original book written by martyar Mortaza Mutahhari, an Islamic philosopher who Imam Khomeini invited all the people to read his books.
Tonight is the first night of Muharram in 2016.
Although Imam Hussain (PBUH) and his family and companions have not arrived yet to Karbala in such day but mourning ceremonies have got started at all over the cities in Iran as well as other countries by Shia Muslim people to follow Imam Reza’s mourning style for the martyrdom anniversary of the holy prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussain. Read more about Imam Reza’s style at here
Imam Reza, the 8th beloved Imam, said about his father, Imam Musa (Moses) Kazem (PBUH):
“No one could have seen my father’s smile when the month of Muharram came. Sadness was increasing in his face day by day till the tenth of Muharram [day of Ashura] and when the tenth day of Muharram would dawn, it would be a day of grief and weeping for him.”