Last night was the night of Ashura in the year 2020 and mourning ceremonies for Imam Hussain (PBUH) were held all over the world by Imam Hussain’s lovers despite the Corona virus.
The following photos show some mourning ceremonies held to mark the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussain(PBUH) and his companions
Mourning for Imam Hussain on the night of Ashura in Iran.
Mourners held General Qassem Soleimani’s pictures in their hands while they wearing masks and keeping away from each others.
Girls and women also participated in the mourning ceremonies held on the night of Ashura while they strict the COVID-19 protocol.
To keep social distancing, mourning ceremonies in this year were held at larger places with no roofs. for example , Read More…
“The month of Muharram is the month of Imam Hussain,…The month of attendance to the preservation of the religion, God’s religion, and resistance against those powers which confront the religion…”
Today is the first day of Muharram in the year 2019 and I’m writing this post from the holy city of Mashhad, from a place near to Imam Reza’s holy shrine; So Let’s offer our deepest condolence to Imam Reza (PBUH) and to Imam of our time for the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussain (PBUH), the prophet Muhammad’s grandson.
It is my first trip to Mashhad in Muharram. The holy shrine is covered in black and the people are also dressed in black for the mortyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussain (PBUH).There are also some traditional camps held in the streets by people who love Imam Hussain to offer free tea, drink or food to the mourners and other people in the streets.
Yesterday I found that Imam Khamenei, the grand leader, also travelled to Mashhad to clean the holy grave of Imam Reza (PBUH) to prepare it for the beginig of Muharram.
The following statment is one of the grand leader’s speech about Muharram given in about two years ago :
“The month of Muharram is the month of Imam Hussain; It is the month of Hussaini, The month of all values embodied inside the Master of Martyrs (PBUH); the month of Martyrdom , the month of Jihad, the month of sincerity, the month of loyalty and the month of forgiveness; the month of attendance to the preservation of the religion, God’s religion, and resistance against those powers which confront the religion. The auspicious existence of the Master of Martyrs and the events of Ashura, Muharram and other such events are the embodiment of these values.
The belief that the uprising of the Master of Martyrs has been preserved Islam is really a correct belief as this event has been become livelier, day by day, in the course of time and after many centuries.
Today, this ceremony is being held in a warmer and more enthusiastic and comprehensive manner than a hundred years ago when there were no appearant opponents for the religious believes of people like today’s opponents. All these matters has a meaning. All these matters reveal certain truths and a movement which is moving forward in the world with the leadership of Hussain ibn Ali (PBUH). In-Sha-Allah this movement will go forward and will resolve the problems of nations.”
Tonight is the first night of Muharram in 2018.
People around the world have been prepared for the mourning ceremonies since several days ago and now all over the cities are covered in black. The smell of Muharram has been propagated through the air and our hearts are started to be burned again for Imam Hussain’s martyrdom.
Tonight is the first night of mourning for the martyrdom of the prophet Muhammad’s grandson , Imam Hussain, in Shia believes as Imam Reza (PBUH) has stated:
“No one could have seen my father’s smile when the month of Muharram came. Sadness was increasing in his face day by day till the tenth of Muharram [day of Ashura] and when the tenth day of Muharram would dawn, it would be a day of grief and weeping for him.” – Imam Reza (PBUH)
Reference: Al-Amali, Al-Shaykh Al-Saduq, P.191
قال الرضا علیه السلام: كان أبي (صلوات الله عليه) إذا دخل شهر المحرم لا يرى ضاحكا، وكانت الكآبة تغلب عليه حتى يمضي منه عشرة أيام، فإذا كان يوم العاشر كان ذلك اليوم يوم مصيبته وحزنه وبكائه، ويقول: هو اليوم الذي قتل فيه الحسين (صلوات الله عليه
امام رضا علیه السلام فرمود: هر گاه ماه محرم فرا می رسید، پدرم (موسی بن جعفر علیه السلام) دیگر خندان دیده نمی شد و غم و افسردگی بر او غلبه می یافت تا آن که ده روز از محرم می گذشت، روز دهم محرم که می شد، آن روز، روز مصیبت و اندوه و گریه پدرم بود
الامالی شیخ صدوق، ص 191
+ All images made by ashuraaa.wordpress.com are free to use to introduce Imam Hussain (PBUH) to the world.
Today is the first day of Muharram and Ashura is coming in 9 days later.
Every places such as the streets, Mosques and the holy shrine of Imam Hussain, Imam Reza, lady Fatima and Jamkaran holy mosque in Iran have been covered with black for the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussain.
Shia muslim people were also dressed in black, commemorate all the first ten days of Muharram to follow the way Imam Reza, the 8th Shia Imam, was mourning for Imam Hussain. Read More…
The second night of Muharram Mourning was held at the official house of Imam Khamenei which is called “Imam Khomeini Hussainiyeh” and Imam Khamenei , the grand leader of Islamic community attended it.
Today, Iranian Shia Muslims marked the international day of Hazrat Ali Asghar, Imam Hussain’s six-month-old son who was martyred violently on the day of Ashura in Karbala. Each year in Muharram, women with their infants participate in the great mourning ceremonies to commemorate his martyrdom.
Each year during the first ten days of Muharram, Muslim people worldwide dressed in black, gathering in mourning ceremonies for the martyrdom anniversary of the prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussain. In Iran, the ceremonies are held in mosques, the holy shrines and even in the universities in which students can participate easily. Listening to the speech, mourning for the Imam Hussain, praying for the reappearance of Imam Mahdi are the main parts of a usual mourning ceremony. Nazri food are also usually distributed among mourners at the end of a ceremony.
Muharram 2016: listening to the speech in a mosque at a university of Tehran, Iran
Women participating in the mourning ceremonies Read More…
In the previous post, I made an image about why Imam Hussain (PBUH) rose up as stated in his will, but that was not the only reason for Imam Hussain to revolt.
The holy shrine of Imam Hussain (PBUH) in Karbala, Iraq. A photo taken in Muharram 2016
There are three main causes explained in Martyr Mortaza Motahhari’s book written according to the Islamic quotes for why Imam Hussain rose up against Yazid’s government and why Ashura happened.
1-Imam Hussain rejected to pledge allegiance to the immoral and non-Muslim man such as Yazid who wanted to be a ruler of Muslim community despite the threatens made by Yazid’s government because swearing allegiance to Yazid indicated not only accepting Yazid as a ruler but also accepting the wrong way of succession determination was being established for the first time by Yazid’s father in the Muslim community. The thing that was not permitted in Islam and both Shia and Sunni sects.
2-About 100,000 people of Kufa sent 18,000 letters to Imam Hussain and invited him to come to Iraq and re-establish an Islamic government, although they forgot their invitation and leave Imam Hussain to be alone against the 30,000 people of Yazid’s Army and even they helped the Army! This invitation cause Imam to have no choice other than to accept their request
3- Reforming the Muslim community and promoting virtue and preventing vice was the third and the main reason for Ashura uprising. Imam Hussain had found about his cousin, Moslem (the son of Aghil), martyrdom on the way to Kufa, therefor Imam could have refused the invitation sent by the people of Kufa and come back to Mecca, but he did not stop going to Kufa until Yazid’s Army stop him and his companions in a land called Karbala. Imam Hussain himslef stated this main reason openly in his will to his brother before traveling to Kufa. You can see a part of Imam Hussain will in the following image:
“I did not rise up for the cause of wickedness, amusement, corruption or oppression, but I rose up to reform the Muslim community of my grandfather [Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)]. I want to promote virtue and prevent vice.”
اني لم اخرج اشرا و لا بطرا و لامفسدا و لاظالما انما خرجت لطلب الاصلاح
في امة جدي و اريد ان امر با لمعروف و انهي عن المنكر
Bihar Al-Anvar: V.44, P. 329
-Read more explanation in this book (The Truth Hussain’s (A.S) Revolt) which I found on the internet and It is an English translation and abstract of the original book written by martyar Mortaza Mutahhari, an Islamic philosopher who Imam Khomeini invited all the people to read his books.
Tonight is the first night of Muharram in 2016.
Although Imam Hussain (PBUH) and his family and companions have not arrived yet to Karbala in such day but mourning ceremonies have got started at all over the cities in Iran as well as other countries by Shia Muslim people to follow Imam Reza’s mourning style for the martyrdom anniversary of the holy prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussain. Read more about Imam Reza’s style at here
Imam Reza, the 8th beloved Imam, said about his father, Imam Musa (Moses) Kazem (PBUH):
“No one could have seen my father’s smile when the month of Muharram came. Sadness was increasing in his face day by day till the tenth of Muharram [day of Ashura] and when the tenth day of Muharram would dawn, it would be a day of grief and weeping for him.”
“If someone vilifies me in my right ear and then apologizes for it in my left ear, I will surely accept his apology because I heard Imam Ali (PBUH) narrate a saying from my grandfather, the Prophet of God, that
The one who does not accept apologies, whether the apology is true or not, will not pass the pond of al-Kawthar.”
Ref. : Ehqaq Al-Haq: V. 11, P.431; Mizan Al-Hekmah: V. 1, P. 330
قال َحُسَینِ بن على(علیه السلام): لَو شَتَمَنى رَجُلٌ فى هذِهِ الاُذُنِ، وَ أَومى إلىَ الیُمنى، وَ اعتَذَرَ لى فىِ الاُخرى لَقَبِلتُ ذلِکَ مِنهُ، وَ ذلِکَ أَنَ أَمیرَ المُؤمِنینَ (علیه السلام) حَدَثَنى أَنَهُ سَمِعَ جَدى رَسُولَ اللهِ (صلى الله علیه وآله)یَقُولُ: لا یَرِدُ الحَوضَ مَن لَم یَقبَلِ العُذرَ مِن مُحِقٍ أَو مُبطِل
(إحقاق الحقّ: ج 11، ص 431)
Ashura 2016 is on Wednesday, the 12th of October.
The day of Ashura (/ʌʃuːrʌ /) is the 10th day of Muharram(/Mohærræm/) which is the first month in the Islamic calendar. As the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and the Georgian calendar is a solar one, therefore each year, the day of Ashura falls in a different day in the Georgian calendar.
There is no day like Ashura. Day of Ashura marks the day in which thirty thousand people who consider themselves as the followers of the holy prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and who call themselves Muslims, gathered around the prophet’s grandson, Imam Husayn, shed his blood and all 72 of his companions and captured their women and children in more than 14 centuries ago in a land called Karbala.
People mourning and crying for the Imam Hussain’s martyrdom on the day of Ashura in the holy shrine of lady Fatima Masumah in the city of Qom, Iran. The text written on the placard is “Oh! Husayn was killed”
Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. Shia muslims consider Ashura a day of sorrow and grief as the holy prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussain, and all 72 of his companions were martyred on this day in Karbala. Therefor it is recommended not to eat or drink on Ashura till noon to mimic the one with a great sorrow, but fasting on the day of Ashura is disapproved (Makruh) according to religious opinions (Fatwas) of Shia scholars such as Imam Khamenei.
Although Ashura is a day of sorrow for Imam Hussain lovers but it was a celebration for the enemies of the prophet Muhammd’s grandson. They fast on this day and even built some mosques to show their happiness. That’s why Shia Imams recommend us not to fast on the day of Ashura:
Asking Imam Reza (the 8th Imam of Shiite Muslims) about fasting on the day of Ashura; Imam Reza replayed: “Do you ask about fasting of Marjanah’s son? The day of Ashura is a day in which Ziyad family’s wicked members fast for the happiness of Imam Hussain killing…”  Read More…
In Islam, saving human life and helping others against affliction are always enjoined. In the holy #Quran God says, “Whosoever saves a human life, saves the life of the whole mankind” [5: 32].
The holy prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussain (pbuh), is the one who gave his life to save the whole mankind. He saved Islam by his blood. He revive Islam, the last version of the religion sent by God to save the humanity.
Thus every year, Shi’ite Muslims across the globe donate blood on the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussain(PBUH) and all 72 of his companions on the day of Ashura.
In Iran, blood collection centers are open till midnight on Ashura day to collect blood from volunteers. According to a paper published in 2011 , more than 37,000 blood unites during Ashura day and the night before it were donated. This was 3.5 times more than average daily rate of blood donation in Iran.
Muslims people from other countries also deliberately participated in this movement on the day of Ashura. In Addition, there are some campaigns across the world for blood donation on Ashura day such as whoishussain.org.