In the first friday of Muharram, mothers with their infants participated in the mourning ceremonies to remember the 6-month-old infant of Imam Hussain (PBUH), Hazrat Ali Asghar (PBUH), who was mercilessly martyred on the day of Ashura in Karbala in the year 680 AD.
Iranian women in a large Hussaini infants gathering – Muharram in Iran
These large Hussaini Infants gatherings were held in 3000 places worldwide according to news.
An Hussaini infants gathering – Muharram in Iran 2015
Shia Muslims along with other people from different religions and from different parts of the world, have held ceremonies since the first night of Muharram to mourn the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussain (pbuh) and his companions.
Today is the first day of Muharram 2015 . Muharram is the first month in the Islamic calendar, the month in which Imam Hussain along with all 72 of his companions were martyred on the day of Ashura in Karbala.
Muslim peoples and Imam Hussain’s lovers from different religions across the globe have prepared themselves for Muharram by dressing in black, hanging black flags on their house and shops’s walls and hoisting it on the holy shrines, streets, mosques and public places, holding ceremonies and etc.
Imam Hussain who is the prophet Muhammad’s grandson was martyred on the tenth day of Muharram, day of Ashura, in Karbala but why do we have a ten-day of mourning period started from the first day of Muharram?!
Recently, professor Panahiyan, an Iranian cleric who teaches at the universities and Howzah, answered this question as a note to a news channel that I tried to translate the main parts of it:
There might be some different reasons for mourning form the first day of Muharram. It might be because of what Imam Reza, the 8th beloved Imam of ours, said about his father, Imam Kazem (pbuh): “No one could have seen my father’s smile when the month of Muharram came. Sadness was increasing in his face day by day till the tenth of Muharram and when the tenth day of Muharram would dawn, it would be a day of grief and weeping for him.“
Another reason might be that mourners can prepare themselves for the deep grief of Ashura by mourning form the beginning of Muharram because the grave tragedy of Ashura can be more tolerable after one week of mourning. The prophet Muhammad said that “surely , there exists in the hearts of the believers, with respect to the martyrdom of Husayn, a heat that never subsides.” Thus, Every one who feels this heat, knows that entering to the day of Ashura without a previous mourning period is very painful.
For some people a ten-day of mourning period is an opportunity helping them to feel the great tragedy of Ashura.
Actually this mourning period might be a type of volunteering to help not mourning and it seems to us that mourners go into Imam Hussain’s tent from the first day of Muharram in order to help him and not to leave his leader alone. That’s why this period of ten days is like an epic while mourning on Ashura night has just a color of sadness and greif.
 (کَانَ أَبِی ع إِذَا دَخَلَ شَهْرُ الْمُحَرَّمِ… امالی صدوق/128)
 «إِنَّ لِقَتْلِ الْحُسَیْنِ حَرَارَةً فِی قُلُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ لَا تَبْرُدُ أَبَداً»مستدرک الوسائل/10/318
Drinking water is universally held to be one of the most basic of human rights and is vital to the survival of any living creatures, but Imam Husayn, the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson, was martyred along with all his companions on the day of Ashura in Karbala while they were all thirsty. The tents of his family were pitched just a walking distance from the banks of the river Euphrates and yet he and his camp – including his six month old baby – were not allowed a single drop.
Read more at here
According to the news, despite all threats made by ISIL terrorists, more than 10 million pilgrims gathered in the holy city of Karbala to mark the day of Ashura in the year 2014.
Every year millions of mourners and lovers of Imam Husayn across the globe flock to Karbala, a city in Iraq where the holy shrines of Imam Husayn and his companions are located, to commemorate the martyrdom anniversary of the prophet Muhammad’s grandson on the day of Ashura.
Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram, the 1st month in the Islamic calender. Imam Husayn who was the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), along with all 72 of his companions were martyred on this day in the battle of Karbala in 680 AD.
On the day of Ashura, shops and businesses were closed as mourners began pouring onto the streets since dawn but free food and drinks offer to mourners and pilgrims in the streets and mosques by some other people for the love of Imam Husayn (PBUH). Some people distribute foods which is called Nazri food, among their neighbors home by home thus you usually do not need to prepare your own food on the day of Ashura and Tasua, the 9th day of Muharram.
In the year 2015, The day of Ashura will fall on Saturday, the 24th Oct. and many pilgrims are preparing yourselves to arrive at Karbala for this day.
For remembrance of Imam Hussain’s 6-month-old child, Ali al-Asghar, who was martyred on the day of Ashura in Karbala, many people dress up their infants like this in a special mourning ceremony on the 6th day of Muharram and also on the day of Ashura:
Imam Husayn and his companions were all in thirst in the hot dessert of Karbala even his six month old infant, but the enemy shot a three-headed arrow to the infant’s throat and cut his head off instead of opening the gate of river or giving them a drop.
Hussein’s a candle of light,
Who glows both in day and night,
Guiding us all to the right,
To Kerbala we want to fly
By Sayed Ali Al-Mousawi Al-Khalkhali
Every year on the month of Muharram, some women with their newborns participate in a special mourning ceremony to memorize the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussain’s six month old infant who was violently martyred at Karbala.
Despite what you see in the Google image when you search the word of “Ashura”, Any self-mutilation such as self-flagellation with knives, chains or razors even walking on fire is definitely not allowed in Islam, but It seems this is the media policy showing Shia Muslims as violent as they can!
Ritual self-flagellation is forbidden by Shia clerics such as Grand Ayatullah Khamenei who is the leader of Islamic Republic of Iran:
“blood matam (Self-flagellation) is a part of the culture that was made up. It is an issue that has no relation to religion and, without doubt, Allah is not happy with it. Read More…
Ashura in 2015 is on Saturday, the 24th Oct.
The day of Ashura (/ʌʃuːrʌ /) is the 10th day of Muharram(/Mohærræm/) which is the first month of Islamic calender.
Ashura marks the day in which prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Husayn, and all 72 of his companions were violently martyred more than 14 centuries ago in Karbala. They all sacrifice what they have to save Islam from utter distortion and destruction. Thus every year on the day of Ashura, millions of mourners commemorate their martyrdom anniversary to memorize what Imam Husayn (PBUH) taught us: He taught us all how to stand up and resist oppression, monarchy, Shimrs, Yazids and Ibn Ziads of the the present time, the current age.