Ashura 2016 in Iran is commemorated by Shiite Muslim people in Iran and other countries.
Ashura is a day on which the prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Husayn and all 72 of his companions gave all he had to reform the Islamic community of the prophet Muhammad. They all were violently killed on the day of Ashura at Karbala and their women and children were all captured but they revived Islam by their blood till now.
Shia muslim people marked the day of Ashura 2016 at the holy shrine of Lady Fatima Masumah in Qom, Iran
Imam Khomeini who was the founder of Islamic Republic of Iran had described Imam Hussain’s instruction in his speech:
“…They do not know that weeping for Imam Husayn (A) means Read More…
There were a six-month-old baby who was violently cut his head by Yazid Army on the day of Ashura in Karbala. He was in Imam Hussain’s hands when a three-branched arrow was thrown to him by Harmaleh. His name was Ali Asqar, the youngest Imam Hussain’s son who was martyred in thirst.
Therefore, each year during Muharram and Ashura, Muslim people participate in mourning ceremonies to commemorate the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussain and all 72 of his companions and family members while they preferably dress their infants in such a way to memorize Ali Asqar (PBUH).
Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. Shia muslims consider Ashura a day of sorrow and grief as the holy prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussain, and all 72 of his companions were martyred on this day in Karbala. Therefor it is recommended not to eat or drink on Ashura till noon to mimic the one with a great sorrow, but fasting on the day of Ashura is disapproved (Makruh) according to religious opinions (Fatwas) of Shia scholars such as Imam Khamenei.
Although Ashura is a day of sorrow for Imam Hussain lovers but it was a celebration for the enemies of the prophet Muhammd’s grandson. They fast on this day and even built some mosques to show their happiness. That’s why Shia Imams recommend us not to fast on the day of Ashura:
Asking Imam Reza (the 8th Imam of Shiite Muslims) about fasting on the day of Ashura; Imam Reza replayed: “Do you ask about fasting of Marjanah’s son? The day of Ashura is a day in which Ziyad family’s wicked members fast for the happiness of Imam Hussain killing…”  Read More…
Noon prayer in congregation by Imam Hussain (PBUH) and his companions on the day of Ashura, in the middle of battle of Karbala has a strong message to all the believers.
Noon prayer in congregation on the day of Ashura in Tehran, Iran
Millions of Shia Muslims mourn for Imam Hussain on the day of Ashura and attend prayer in congregation at noon in the streets or mosques or the holy shrines according to what Imam Hussain did in Karbala.
One of the slogans in Ashura 2015 was “Labbaik O’ Hussain means prayer on time”
Today, the 24th of Oct., was the day of Ashura. Millions of Shia Muslims across the globe gathered in Karbala to commemorate the martyrdom anniversary of the holy prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussain (PBUH) and all his companions.
Huge crowds of pilgrims, dressed in black packed inside the Imam Al-Hussain’s holy shrine while most of them were in the streets outside, mourning for Imam Hussain (PBUH).
Today is Tasua
The day before Ashura is called Tasua which is the 9th day of Muharram. Shia muslims and other people from different religions, try to commemorate this day more than the first eight days of Muharram as Tasua is attributed to mourn for Imam Hussain’s brother, Hazrat Abbas (PBUH), although he was martyred on the day of Ashura like the other Imam Hussain’s companions.
The holy shrine of Hazrat Abbas (PBUH) in Karbala, the 9th night of Muhharam 2015
As access to water had been closed for three days and nights in Karbala, Hadrat Abbas was the one who Read More…
By my father and my mother, oh Husayn, you deserve to be cried for, by every eye
Oh Husayn of patience, the mountain of consolation, you made all the prophets cry And the earth and the heavens cried with grief and sorrow; and sadness had flown and prevailed the east and the west
By Mustafa Al-Naeb
In the first friday of Muharram, mothers with their infants participated in the mourning ceremonies to remember the 6-month-old infant of Imam Hussain (PBUH), Hazrat Ali Asghar (PBUH), who was mercilessly martyred on the day of Ashura in Karbala in the year 680 AD.
Iranian women in a large Hussaini infants gathering – Muharram in Iran
These large Hussaini Infants gatherings were held in 3000 places worldwide according to news.
An Hussaini infants gathering – Muharram in Iran 2015
Shia Muslims along with other people from different religions and from different parts of the world, have held ceremonies since the first night of Muharram to mourn the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussain (pbuh) and his companions.
Today is the first day of Muharram 2015 . Muharram is the first month in the Islamic calendar, the month in which Imam Hussain along with all 72 of his companions were martyred on the day of Ashura in Karbala.
Muslim peoples and Imam Hussain’s lovers from different religions across the globe have prepared themselves for Muharram by dressing in black, hanging black flags on their house and shops’s walls and hoisting it on the holy shrines, streets, mosques and public places, holding ceremonies and etc.
Imam Hussain who is the prophet Muhammad’s grandson was martyred on the tenth day of Muharram, day of Ashura, in Karbala but why do we have a ten-day of mourning period started from the first day of Muharram?!
Recently, professor Panahiyan, an Iranian cleric who teaches at the universities and Howzah, answered this question as a note to a news channel that I tried to translate the main parts of it:
There might be some different reasons for mourning form the first day of Muharram. It might be because of what Imam Reza, the 8th beloved Imam of ours, said about his father, Imam Kazem (pbuh): “No one could have seen my father’s smile when the month of Muharram came. Sadness was increasing in his face day by day till the tenth of Muharram and when the tenth day of Muharram would dawn, it would be a day of grief and weeping for him.“
Another reason might be that mourners can prepare themselves for the deep grief of Ashura by mourning form the beginning of Muharram because the grave tragedy of Ashura can be more tolerable after one week of mourning. The prophet Muhammad said that “surely , there exists in the hearts of the believers, with respect to the martyrdom of Husayn, a heat that never subsides.” Thus, Every one who feels this heat, knows that entering to the day of Ashura without a previous mourning period is very painful.
For some people a ten-day of mourning period is an opportunity helping them to feel the great tragedy of Ashura.
Actually this mourning period might be a type of volunteering to help not mourning and it seems to us that mourners go into Imam Hussain’s tent from the first day of Muharram in order to help him and not to leave his leader alone. That’s why this period of ten days is like an epic while mourning on Ashura night has just a color of sadness and greif.
 (کَانَ أَبِی ع إِذَا دَخَلَ شَهْرُ الْمُحَرَّمِ… امالی صدوق/128)
 «إِنَّ لِقَتْلِ الْحُسَیْنِ حَرَارَةً فِی قُلُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ لَا تَبْرُدُ أَبَداً»مستدرک الوسائل/10/318
For remembrance of Imam Hussain’s 6-month-old child, Ali al-Asghar, who was martyred on the day of Ashura in Karbala, many people dress up their infants like this in a special mourning ceremony on the 6th day of Muharram and also on the day of Ashura:
Imam Husayn and his companions were all in thirst in the hot dessert of Karbala even his six month old infant, but the enemy shot a three-headed arrow to the infant’s throat and cut his head off instead of opening the gate of river or giving them a drop.